Nonpartisan review of Wisconsin's 2020 election finds no widespread fraud

Legislative Audit Bureau recommended dozens of changes to state election laws and policies.

Absentee ballot FILE
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A highly-anticipated nonpartisan report on Wisconsin’s 2020 election has found no widespread voter fraud or wrongdoing, but made dozens of recommendations for updating state policies and state laws related to elections.

The 168-page audit by the state’s nonpartisan Legislative Audit Bureau, initially ordered by the GOP-controlled Legislature in February , was released Friday, Oct. 22. It found the Wisconsin Elections Commission didn’t follow some state laws in 2020, including things like failing to get electronic voter registration signatures from transportation officials, but that there weren’t widespread instances of people committing voter fraud or officials’ actions affecting large numbers of votes.

For example, the review flagged only four people who may have voted twice in the election and 11 people whose absentee ballots may have been counted, even though they died before Election Day. There were more than 3.3 million ballots cast in the election in Wisconsin. The review also conducted a hand count of ballots to test some voting machines and found no notable concerns.

Sen. Robert Cowles, R-Green Bay, who chairs the Legislature’s audit committee, said in a tweet Friday that the review "showed us that the election was largely safe and secure."

"The (audit bureau) has been well-respected as a nonpartisan agency by both sides of the aisle & by their colleagues around the US," Cowles said in a subsequent tweet . "It’s my hope that we can now look at election law changes & agency accountability measures in a bipartisan manner based on these nonpartisan recommendations."


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Cowles said a public hearing on the review would be forthcoming at the state Capitol.

In a prepared statement, the Wisconsin Elections Commission lauded the review as one that makes clear "that vote totals in the 2020 election were accurate, that no processes were identified that could have changed the outcome, and that no evidence of widespread fraud of any type was discovered." It also acknowledged the report highlights "opportunities to improve election processes and procedures, identifying several administrative issues worthy of review."

"We’re gratified to see the report and to know that it really supports the hard-working and dedicated state and local elections officials across Wisconsin," said Wisconsin Elections Commission administrator Meagan Wolfe.

The audit, which took several months to complete, included wide-ranging information gathering and analysis. Auditors:

  • reviewed state training materials and Wisconsin Elections Commission guidance to local election officials on election administration.
  • examined how voter registration data is maintained.
  • looked into the use of electronic voting equipment and state-mandated equipment audits.
  • analyzed thousands of absentee ballot certificates.
  • looked at election-related complaints filed with state and local officials and how those complaints were handled.

The report makes 30 recommendations to Wisconsin Elections Commission staff and 18 recommendations to lawmakers for potential changes to state law.
Those recommendations include the Wisconsin Elections Commission updating its administrative rules related to clerk training and lawmakers introducing a bill that would require local governments to notify the elections commission when there is turnover in a clerk position.

Other proposed changes for state lawmakers to consider introducing include:

  • A bill that would clarify whether municipal clerks themselves can correct errors in witness addresses or add missing witness address information.
  • A bill that would clarify whether individuals are allowed to return absentee ballots to drop boxes.
  • A bill that would specify the actions and responsibilities for consultants at polling places and central count locations on Election Day.
  • A bill that would require materials related to the pre-election tests of electronic voting equipment to be retained for 22 months.
  • A bill that would require the Wisconsin Elections Commission to conduct risk-limiting post-election audits.

In its prepared statement, the Wisconsin Elections Commission noted it wasn't given early access to the audit, as is typical state policy, and argued the report contained a few inaccuracies. It said it will continue its review of the full document in detail to determine its response.
"We’re anxious to use this opportunity to look for ways to improve the administrative functions that are so critical to carrying out elections," Wolfe said.


While Wisconsin Democrats have pushed back on all investigations of the 2020 election in Wisconsin — Republicans in the state have backed several — they have said they have faith in the integrity of the audit bureau’s work.

Other GOP-backed election investigation ongoing

The audit’s final report comes as another taxpayer-funded investigation of the 2020 election in Wisconsin continues. That Republican-backed investigation, spurred by Assembly Speaker Robin Vos, R-Rochester, has a roughly $700,000 budget and is being led by former conservative state Supreme Court justice Michael Gableman.

Gableman visited Arizona’s controversial election review over the summer, as well as a conference put on by election conspiracy theorist Mike Lindell.

Late Thursday, Oct. 21, Wisconsin Attorney General Josh Kaul asked a court to block subpoenas issued to state election officials in the investigation.

The investigations come after Wisconsin has completed a series of routine state election audits and a presidential recount in the state’s two largest counties. None of those reviews have uncovered widespread fraud or wrongdoing. There have also been numerous Republican-backed lawsuits in the state, all of which have failed to result in findings of wrongdoing by election officials or voters.

Biden won Wisconsin by about 21,000 votes — a margin similar to several other razor-thin statewide elections in recent years.

Wisconsin Public Radio can be heard locally on 91.3 KUWS-FM and at .

Wisconsin Public Radio, © Copyright 2021, Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System and Wisconsin Educational Communications Board.

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