Wisconsin Public Radio
A bipartisan group of lawmakers is recommending increasing funding for public schools and allowing districts to raise money through local property taxes.
The Blue Ribbon Commission on School Funding is made up of 16 members, which include Republican and Democratic lawmakers, school district administrators and other stakeholders. It held hearings throughout 2018, which culminated in a list of more than 20 recommendations for the Legislature to consider.
One of the recommendations regards adjusting revenue limits, which would allow school districts to raise money through local property taxes. Lawmakers would be able to offset increases in local property tax through increases in state aid.
Dan Rossmiller, government relations director for the Wisconsin Association of School Boards, said revenue limits have been frozen since the 2014-2015 school year, which has been challenging for districts.
"One of the big problems for school districts is revenue limits and a number of the key recommendations addressed revenue limits and the amount of money that schools have available to them to spend, particularly to meet the needs of special populations of students," said Rossmiller.
The recommendations would change how school districts could raise funds for English language learners, those with developmental disabilities and those coming from low-income families, Rossmiller added.
English language learners and low-income students would potentially get more funding due to a change in how they’re counted. Currently such students are listed as 1.0 full time equivalent, or FTE, which means the same per pupil funding goes to them as any other student. Under the new recommendations they would be listed as 1.2 FTE. That would allow districts more authority to raise local funds through property taxes
The Blue Ribbon Commission also recommends additional funding for students in need of special education. Among the suggestions for lawmakers to consider are increases of between $45 million and $119 million in state funding during the 2019-2020 school year dedicated to special education.
School districts facing declines in enrollment were also considered by the panel.
Under current law revenue limits for districts are calculated based on a three year average of pupil enrollment. If a district’s enrollment in a given year is less than that average it loses 100 percent of the funding for each student that leaves. The commission recommends using a five year average instead or modifying the formula so that districts receive 90 percent of the funding for each student that leaves.
State Rep. Romaine Quinn, R-Barron, said the proposal would be a great help for districts in northern, central and western Wisconsin who have lost state aid through declining enrollment.
"In this change you’re still getting significant funding for kids you used to have but don’t anymore," Quinn said. "So, that will be a game changer for a lot of small districts and any declining district, really."
Quinn said his office is already drafting bills to put recommendations on declining enrollment into law. He said overall the commission’s report could be a great starting point for Republicans in the Legislature and the newly-sworn-in Democratic Gov. Tony Evers.
"It’s a good, positive, tone setter to kick our session off because I do think there are a lot of things we can work with Gov. Evers on," said Quinn. "I think this is a perfect example and a great start to our session to hopefully set a positive tone for the next four years."
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